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Next Traffic accidents cost millions in the economy HOME • INSIDER • CYPRUS • Traffic accidents cost millions in the economy < p>
As small as it sounds, a human life lost in a car accident costs many thousands of euros, according to studies by the European Union. These costs include medical expenses, the cost of insurance funds and the loss of productivity of people who have been seriously injured in a car accident. So, a car accident is not only the human lives that are lost – which is of course the most important -, but it is also the burden on the economy with several millions a year and these include the payment of pensions and compensation for hospitalization, payments for compensation and bodily injuries, etc., without taking into account the loss of manpower, the additional employment to deal with the consequences of road accidents, ie medical staff, medical expenses, police, experts, insurers, as well as other minor expenses (court, travel etc.) which should be taken into account in the burden on the economy. The World Bank reports that the annual financial cost of road accidents is 1-3% of each state's GDP. An amount of € 160 billion is available in the EU annually, which is equivalent to 2% of EU GDP.
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At a time when road accidents are increasing or at least occurring at regular intervals, it is of particular interest what are the fines for violating the Traffic Code and what applies in each country. Each country in Europe sets its own fines, which correspond to its own data and its own priorities. In some countries the illegal driver puts his hand deep in his pocket, in others the Authorities get the driver's license with the first – for serious violations – and in others the fines are a “caress”.
According to the research of “F”, in each country there are differences in the penalties, both for the speed limit and the use of alcohol before and while driving, as well as for the use of a mobile phone while driving. In fact, due to the fact that accidents are a pan-European problem, each country periodically revises the Road Traffic Code to the strictest.
There are peculiarities in relation to alcohol in Denmark, Finland and Sweden. In Finland they get a driver's license for 15 days or more, depending on how much alcohol is in the blood. In Sweden, the removal of a diploma starts from 40 days and goes up depending on the alcohol in the driver's blood. In Denmark, if the driver exceeds the alcohol limit, he or she takes driving lessons again, which he or she pays for.
In Malta, the fine for a driver who has consumed alcohol starts at € 1,200. In the UK the fine can be as high as € 5,000. In the event of a second consecutive violation of the limits of alcohol in the blood, within 10 years, then the removal of the driver's license ranges from 36-60 months. In Greece, if there is a 2nd consecutive violation of alcohol limits, with a price higher than 60mg/l in the exhaled air, then the fine amounts to 2,000 euros and/or imprisonment for 6 months and/or revocation of driving license for 5 years. In Switzerland, the fine depends on the driver's financial situation and can reach several thousand euros.
An innovative way to discourage those who use their mobile phone while driving, is implemented by the Italian Police. Competent players recruited political clothing policemen, moving with motorcycles and scooter in the big cities. Their goal is to identify the offenders and impose the fine on them immediately. The fine for illegal use of a mobile phone in Italy is € 165 and a five-point penalty on the driver's license. If within two years the driver commits the same offense, then his license is revoked from one to three months.
In France it is forbidden to talk, send or read messages or use any application when the car is in motion. If one wants to be sure that he will not pay a fine of € 135, the car must be parked in a normal parking space with the engine off.
In Greece, drivers of vehicles that use a mobile phone in motion, without wireless headphones or without it being placed in a special place for open listening, are punished by on-site removal of registration data and driving license, from the person certifying the violation, for 60 & nbsp ? days. Also, the fine for the use of a mobile phone by the driver, while the vehicle is in motion, is € 100.
Another common cause for fines is speeding. Legislation varies from country to country. The cheapest country in case the driver exceeds the limit of up to 20 km/h is Lithuania. The fine is € 10, but if the excess is more than 20 km the fine becomes € 450.
The heaviest fine is in Norway, which starts at € 400 and for each excess up to 50 km/h the fine can reach € 900. In Finland, if there is more than 20 km per hour, the fine is € 200. In Switzerland, if the driver exceeds 20 km the diploma can be removed for 60 days as a minimum. The fine starts from € 165.
Fines in Austria for speeding in cities range from 29 euros to over 2,100 euros! In particular, if a radar photographs a vehicle moving within the city with more than 20 km from the limit, the fine ranges from 29 to 50 euros. Respectively, if in the photo it seems that the driver was moving 50 km above the limit, then the fine goes up to 300 euros. However, if the radar confirms that the offending driver moved 51 km above the limit, then the fine can even exceed 2,100 euros and the license plates and the vehicle registration certificate can be removed for 6 weeks.
< p>The fines in Germany for exceeding the speed limit are variable and depending on the additional kilometers traveled by the offending driver. If the traffic police find that someone was moving 10 km above the speed limit, then the fine at the moment is 30 euros. However, if the driver is “caught” moving within the city with 35 km above the limit, then the fine amounts to € 160 and removal of the license plates and the license for 1 month. The highest fine for speeding in the city amounts to € 280 and 2 months of removal of license plates and license and concerns traffic at speeds up to 60 km above the limit.
Red traffic light
One of the most classic driver offenses. The most severe country for this offense is Finland, where the diploma is removed for 10 days or more. In Britain the fine can be over € 1,000. In Germany the fines start from the amount of € 90, which concerns the violation of red. From there, the fines increase both in terms of the amount and for the prohibitions imposed on the driver. For example, if a driver passes a red traffic light with a risk, the fine is € 200, two penalty points on the diploma and revocation of the driver's license for one month.
Fines in Cyprus >
In Cyprus the fine imposed out of court for exceeding the speed limit up to 30% is € 2/km fine and 1-3 penalty points, speeding up to 50% € 3/km and 2-4 points penalty, exceeding the speed limit up to 75% € 5/km and 3-6 penalty points.
Regarding alcohol, exhalation alcohol ratio 22-35μg/100ml: € 125 fine and 1-3 penalty points, exhalation alcohol ratio 36-55μg/100ml: € 250 fine and 3-6 penalty points, exhalation alcohol ratio 56-70μg/100ml : € 500 fine and 4-8 penalty points, 22-35μg/100ml: 1 month imprisonment and/or up to € 1,500 fine and deprivation of driving license up to 3 months.
Driving under the influence of drugs: up to 3 years imprisonment and/or € 8,000 fine and/or deprivation of driving license for 3 years. Conviction for combination: Speed with alcohol and/or drugs: up to 4 years imprisonment and/or € 15,000 fine.
Driving without third party liability insurance: € 200 fine and 3-6 penalty points, driving with non-free hands (mobile phone): € 150 fine and 2-4 penalty points In case of recurrence of the offense within 3 years: the penalties are doubled./p>
Rules applicable in all EU countries
Seat belts must be used on all vehicles, including tour buses and minibuses, in all EU countries. Cars/trucks and, if possible, other vehicles must have special child restraint systems. In most EU countries it is forbidden to use a mobile phone while driving without a hands-free device. The maximum permissible level of alcohol in the blood varies: Some countries do not allow any alcohol in the blood while driving. Different speed limits apply for different types of roads and vehicles. Different safety equipment is required for cars and motorcycles. In some countries the use of daytime running lights and/or the use of winter tires is mandatory.