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Tuesday, May 21, 2024

This is how the Parliament would be if only the crosses counted

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This is how the Parliament would be if only the crosses counted

Andreas Pimpisiis

Since last Sunday, shortly after the close of the polls, the well-known debate about the law or injustice of the electoral system of Cyprus has resumed. Theories and discussions are few, depending on one's point of view. There are those who consider that unjustly some with a few hundred votes enter Parliament and stay out of others who took thousands of crosses from the electorate. Others believe that the seats should be distributed to the parties according to their electoral power and that no limit should be set.

From all that is being discussed after the elections, we did various exercises on paper on what the Parliament could have been like if the seats had been occupied by the candidates who had collected the most votes or crosses of preference. As we did in the exercise, how many seats should the parties occupy, if they were distributed on the basis of percentages or what percentage should they have in the electorate according to the seats they have occupied.

In our first exercise we proceeded to distribute the seats corresponding to each province to the deputies who received the most votes. In Nicosia, for example, the seats were divided into the top 20. As far as political leaders are concerned, because most use the provision of the law that allows them not to want a cross of preference, we put them on the list according to the votes received by their parties.

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The only thing that remains the same in relation to the current Parliament is that the same parties would participate, as well as all party leaders. However, the representation per party would not be the same. And the view that if the seats were occupied according to the votes would be a fairer system, then we will note that only fair can not be considered. One party would occupy half the seats and three parties would be saved with the participation of their leader. For the purposes of the exercise, we placed the leaders on the board in the position corresponding to the votes received by their parties, since, as is well known, the law allows them not to want a cross of preference.

With such a Parliament, DISY would occupy 28 seats, AKEL 18, DIKO 5, ELAM 2 and from one seat EDEK, DIPA and Ecologists. The three unilaterals would be represented by their leader.

Each province, according to our scenario, would have the following image:

Nicosia

1. Neophytou Averoff

2. Kyprianou Andros

3. Charalambidou Irini, 14008

4. Papadopoulos Nikolas

5. Dimitriou Dimitris, 13436

6. Stefanou Stefanos, 11273

7. Damianou Aristos, 10417

8. Nikos Tornaritis, 9753

9. Georgiadis Haris, 9559

10. Loukaidis George, 9519

11. Orphanidou Savia, 9091

12. Christofidis Christos, 8389

13. Christ of Christ

14. Konstantinou Xenia, 7429

15. Sophocles Michalis, 7383

16. Pelakanos Marios, 7013

17. Erotokritou Christiana, 6073

18. Andreas Pentaras, 4651

19. Theopemptou Charalambos, 4512

20. Sampson N. Mina, 4508

DISY would get half the seats, 6 AKEL, 2 DIKO, from an ELAM and Ecologists. Pantelidis Chrysis of DIKO, Tryfonidis Alekos and Mousiouttas Marinos of DIPA, Efstathiou Kostis of EDEK and Attalidou Alexandra of Ecologists would stay out.

Kyrenia

1. Mavridis Marios, 2524

2. Christofias Christos, 2111

3. George Solomou, 1094

From one seat the three big ones. Rita Theodorou Superman would be left out.

Famagusta

1. Hatzigiannis Kyriakos, 8432

2. Karoullas George, 8022

3. Kettiros Nikos, 7458

4. Kulla Onoufrios, 6932

5. Georgiou Nikos, 5317

6. George Koukoumas, 4944

7. Lyssandridis George, 4702

8. Gabriel Giannakis, 4264

9. Kypri Christos, 4177

10. Papagiannis Linos, 4089

11. Koutsoftas Kleanthis, 3867

Six are DISY, 4 are AKEL and 1 is ELAM. Michalis Giakoumi of DIPA and Christos Senekis and Zacharias Koulia of DIKO would be left out.

Larnaca

1. Dimitriou Annita, 6147

2. Passiourtidis Andreas, 4340

3. Xiourouppas Panikkos, 4030

4. Alampritis Prodromos, 3870

5. Savva Evanthia, 3135

6. Georgiou Mamas (Makis), 2380

The seats would be shared by DISY and AKEL. Christos Orfanidis of DIKO, Andreas Apostolou of EDEK, and Sotiris Ioannou of ELAM would be left out.

Limassol

1. Diplaros Efthymios, 8057

2. Costas Costa, 6212

3. Kafkalias Andreas, 5838

4. Tsiridou Fotini, 5771

5. Karoyan Marios

6. Sykas Nikos, 4572

7. Nikolaou Marina, 4126

8. Mylonas Pavlos, 4163

9. Andreas Kyprianou, 4031

10. Georgiou Georgios, 3936

11. Chatzimanoli-Glyki Marina, 3908

12. Sizopoulos Marinos

DISY would have 5 and AKEL 4 deputies. Panikos Leonidou of DIKO, Andreas Themistokleous of ELAM and Stavros Papadouris of Ecologists would be left out.

Paphos

1. Pazaros Charalambos, 2712

2. Savvidis Chrysanthos, 2693

3. Letymbiotis Konstantinos, 2640

4. Tsokkas Leonidas, 2506

Three of DISY and one of DIKO would be elected. Valentinos Fakontis of AKEL and Elias Myrianthous of EDEK would be left out.

They got more than they deserved

There are many who claim that the parties, especially the big ones, get more seats than they are entitled to according to the election result. This theory is based mainly on the fact that due to the existing law, some parties that should enter the Parliament according to their electoral result are left out, even if their percentage is low.

In this case we did two small exercises. In the first we distributed the seats according to the percentages of the elections and in the second the percentage that the parties should have based on the seats they have in the new Parliament.

Exercise 1 – Dividing the seats according to the percentages received by the parties: DISY 16 seats (17), AKEL 13 (15), DIKO 6 (9), ELAM 4 (4), EDEK 4 (4), DIPA 3 (4 ), Ecologists 3 (3). In this case we see that four parties receive more seats based on the existing system while there are also unallocated seats.

Exercise 2 – According to the seats received by the parties should have the following percentages: DISY 30%, AKEL 27%, DIKO 16%, ELAM 7%, EDEK 7%, DIPA 7% and Ecologists 5%.

The first is always strengthened

In all electoral systems without exception and especially in parliamentary democracies the party that comes first is strengthened more. And this makes sense, so that a majority can be formed and there can be a stable government. Maybe in countries where majority systems still operate, such as Britain, then things may not be included in the reinforcement clause of the former with additional seats.

Furthermore, there are systems where MPs are elected on the basis of a list and not the votes they receive. The voters simply choose a party and depending on the percentage it will receive, it takes seats and the same decides who its deputies will be.

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