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Training for the use of Artificial Intelligence: The 6 interesting proposals from the Parliament of…

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 Εκπαλδευση γ&iota ;α χρorση Τεχνητorς Νοημοσyνης: Οι 6 ενδιαφερουσες προτασεις απo τη Βουλor των...

The Youth Parliament seeks to better inform citizens about the use of Artificial Intelligence, documenting the benefits of integrating it into education

When we hear the word “Parliament”, everyone's mind goes to the House of Representatives. Where bills are passed, proposed laws are passed, and various issues concerning the government and society in general are discussed from time to time. But in addition to the House of Representatives, there is also the House of Youth. One of the topics tackled by the sixth Youth Parliament is Artificial Intelligence (AI), and mainly what is its role in the labor market of the future. The new MPs ask, among other things, the government to take measures to prepare society for the use of Artificial Intelligence at work, but also to prepare itself by using AI in the provision of public services. Something like this could be done, as recorded in a report of the Labor Committee of the House of New Representatives, by utilizing chatbots, which will replace the call centers of the various ministries and organizations, will reduce the waiting time of citizens, while avoiding thus errors due to the human factor. From the Youth Parliament, they are seeking even better information for citizens about the use of Artificial Intelligence, documenting the benefits of its integration into education, but also the introduction of educational material for the use of algorithms from elementary school. The report lists six measures that can be taken by the government, the relevant ministries and ministries, in addition to the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digital Policy, with the new MPs sounding the alarm about the consequences that incorrect information may have of citizens for IT.

The recommendations

1. Promotion of STEAM professions

Among the main findings recorded in their report by the new MPs, is that in our country there is a lack of workforce in STEAM professions. These are professions that fall under the fields of technology, science, engineering, etc. Therefore, it is considered vital that the Ministry of Labor, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, support young people to pursue careers in the STEAM fields, not only to meet the existing need, but also to ensure the technological and innovative progress of the country in the future. In this direction, the Youth Parliament urges the Ministry of Education to draw up, through the Cyprus State Scholarship Foundation, scholarship programs for students following training programs in TN or STEAM subjects. Furthermore, the Ministry of Education is called upon to take action early on through the promotion of STEAM sciences in education from an early age. This is possible through the introduction of algorithms in elementary education and the subsequent horizontal use of Artificial Intelligence in middle and high schools. This improves the educational experience of the students, while they themselves acquire practical skills that they will need later.

2. Vocational education and retraining

One of the issues that concern young people is the strengthening of professional education and retraining for the adaptation of citizens to technological changes. In its report, the Commission, citing data from the World Economic Forum, points out that 1.4 million people will lose their jobs within the next two years due to the difficulty of adapting to new technological data. Therefore, in addition to investing in educating children from an early age on how to use IT, the Commission stresses the need to invest in lifelong learning and create public awareness campaigns on good IT use practices, demonetisation and promoting its responsible use, which requires cooperation between the Deputy Ministry of Innovation and the Ministry of Education.

3. Business incentives

As far as the Ministries of Finance, Commerce and the Interior are concerned, they can also contribute to the whole effort through the creation of a certificate for Artificial Intelligence companies (PETN), which will entail, among other things, tax reliefs. Canada's “Scientific Research and Experimental Development (SR&ED) Tax Credit Program” is given as an example in the report. As stated, the program in question offers tax incentives to companies engaged in scientific research and experimental development, encouraging innovation and research activities in various fields, including AI. Another incentive that could be given to businesses to turn to AI is to have some sort of priority in government tenders. The above presupposes the creation of a legislative framework, which will ensure that the use of IT will not work to the detriment of the employees.

4. Digitization of public services

As recorded in the Commission's report, although the provision of digital access to public services in our country has begun, we still have a way to go. With call centers continuing to inconvenience dozens of citizens, new MPs see it as essential to introduce chatbot technology into public services. At the same time, it is pointed out that the Ministry of Labor and the Deputy Ministry of Innovation and Welfare must ensure that the procedures for handling and examining applications from specific social groups, such as applicants for unemployment benefits, disability benefits, Minimum Guaranteed Income, are improved.

Furthermore, Artificial Intelligence could, using economic models, help to upgrade and manage the pension system, while predicting the sustainability and financial needs of state funds.

5. Defense Industry

New jobs can arise through the development of the defense industry, and the utilization of the technologically qualified potential of Cyprus, strengthening the autonomy and economy of the country, which requires cooperation between the Deputy Ministry of Research and the Ministry of Defense. The report states that “iTN, unmanned devices (drones and rc cars), digital defense operation and information recovery and protection systems are the main pillars on which we must focus”.

6. Establishment of national algorithm standards

The report of the Youth Parliament even lists the negative effects that can have on employees when a company or organization uses AI. In particular, the issue of the algorithm used by various AI tools must be examined in terms of its objectivity and impartiality. As it turns out, for example, in companies abroad, where they use AI filters in order to cope with the huge volume of resumes, ending up with the most suitable candidates. Nevertheless, there are not a few times when an algorithm ends up in biased and therefore unfair decisions, based on the data set provided by the programmer. For example, a multinational e-commerce company, in its attempt to automate the selection of the best candidates for a job, used age data and the patterns that emerge from it, categorizing as preferred candidates men over women. Based on the above, the exclusion of people with specific identity characteristics due to previous prejudices (social scoring), constitutes adverse discrimination in violation of the legislation on racial and other discrimination. At the same time, the European Commission has categorized social scoring as an “impermissible risk” in the use of AI and has already started the preparatory work for the adoption of a law at the European level (EU AI Draft Act). Therefore, the new MPs emphasize that the Ministry of Labor and Social Insurance, in collaboration with the Ministry of Justice and Public Order, prepare a bill based on the provisions of the EU AI Act so that the Republic of Cyprus is ready for the immediate implementation of European legislation.< /p>

Source: politis.com.cy

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