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Two cases of acute hepatitis in children have been identified in Cyprus – What the Ministry of Health reports

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Two cases of acute hepatitis of unknown etiology have been identified in Cyprus that meet the definition set by the ECDC in children aged 5 and 4 years, according to an announcement by the Ministry of Health. The 5-year-old child fell ill in November 2021 and the 4-year-old in March 2022. The Ministry recommends to parents if they notice symptoms in children (generalized malaise, dark urine, stool discoloration and jaundice, yellowing of the skin and eyes), to contact him their doctor.

The announcement of the Ministry of Health:

The Ministry of Health is closely monitoring the increase in cases of acute hepatitis of unexplained etiology in children under the age of 16, mainly 2-5 years, which has recently been recorded in Europe, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Many of the reported cases were gastrointestinal symptoms mainly abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting and often followed by jaundice. Most cases did not develop a fever.

The international health organizations (WHO, ECDC, CDC) work together to identify the causative agent, while the data so far indicate a specific type of adenovirus (type 41) as the predominant cause. At the same time, an investigation is carried out to rule out other causative factors or possible cofactors. It is noted that the usual hepatitis viruses (A to E) were not detected. Cases have been investigated since October 2021 and the association of these cases as a side effect of the COVID-19 vaccine has not been confirmed as the vast majority of children do not have a history of vaccination.

Based on the above, and based on the definition set by the ECDC and notified in recent days, the Ministry of Health informs about the identification of two cases of acute hepatitis of unknown etiology that meet the definition in children aged 5 and 4 years, in November 2021 and March 2022 respectively.

If parents notice symptoms in children (generalized malaise, dark urine, stool discoloration and jaundice, yellowing of the skin and eyes) they are urged to contact their doctor It is recommended to observe measures such as hand hygiene, avoiding contact with the nose, eyes, mouth and covering the nose and mouth or covering the inside of the elbow in coughing or sneezing. In addition, it is recommended to stay at home in case of symptoms and avoid contact with a person who shows symptoms.

The Ministry of Health continues to monitor the occurrence of acute hepatitis cases and in close cooperation with clinicians records the presence of relevant incidents.

Source: politis.com.cy

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