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Urban planning for Akama – What is approved and what is not

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Urban planning for Akama - What is approved and what is not

The revision of the provisions of the Akamas Local Plan under consideration is suggested by the Environmental Authority to the Urban Planning Council and the Department of Urban Planning and Housing. The position of the Environmental Authority is that although the Local Plan under consideration aims to improve the problematic situation that prevails in relation to the development outside the growth threshold based on the current Policy Statement, it seems that it needs significant improvement.

The Akama Local Plan area is located at the northwestern tip of the island and includes the administrative boundaries of eight communities in Paphos District: Kathika, Pano Arodon, Kato Arodon, Inia, Drousia, Fasli, Androlikou and Neo Chorio.

In an opinion of the day. 7/10/2021, the Environmental Authority proposes specific conditions aimed at preserving the naturalness of the area outside the development boundaries of the Akamas communities, and at the same time the sustainable development of the area with a view to its long-term preservation and as a tourism product is a year-round pole of attraction for visitors based on its special physical characteristics.

According to the Environmental Authority, the Akama Local Plan area must undergo a comprehensive urban planning with the regulation of existing and proposed land uses and urban zones, in order to achieve the socio-economic development of the area's residents, among others, in a sustainable way. to promote the following:

(a) The protection of protected areas falling within the Natura 2000 Network.

(b) the preservation of the characteristics of the Akama Peninsula region, both the natural and the man-made environment.

(c) Promoting the cohesive development of communities, with an effective and well-regulated mosaic of uses within growth limits and discouraging diffuse growth outside existing growth limits.

(d) The organization of the activity of the primary sector (agriculture and animal husbandry) and similar activities (winemaking and cheese-making) in such a way that they can serve the needs of consumption of local products in the hospitality infrastructure.

(e) Preserving the nature of the countryside, protecting natural areas, preserving and highlighting traditional agricultural activities and encouraging limited uses outside the development boundary that are in line with this development model / vision.

(f) The promotion of annoying uses or essential uses for the proper functioning of the local community (leisure, sports facilities, banquet halls, trade, offices, industry / crafts, infrastructure, etc.) in areas where they will not affect the attractive appearance of the area .

(g) Grouping communities with fewer recurring infrastructure needs (to achieve economies of scale), based on local government reform.

The impacts on the Natura 2000 Network sites were assessed individually as well as cumulatively.

Rural Zone (Ga2)

The zone falls within the areas of the Natura 2000 Network or is in the immediate vicinity. Proposed uses such as environmental information centers, organized parking lots and visitable farms are expected to result in habitat loss and nuisance.

Particular reference is made to the visitable farm which, as proposed, may include accommodation infrastructure, retail, catering, sports facilities, etc. These infrastructures will result in the loss of habitats and the disturbance of species, not only during the day but also during the night. In addition, any facilities will need accompanying infrastructure for water supply, irrigation, sewerage, electricity, etc. The zone also allows wineries, dairies, and fruit packers, which will potentially disturb the defining species of the area, as well as sports facilities that will cause loss of areas used for feeding bird species to the adjacent Natura 2000 Network.

There is provision for overnight stay in this zone which is contrary to the management plan for a Site of Community Importance “Akama Peninsula” and in the rest of the area it is proposed to allow overnight stay in 2-3 approved organized camping sites, preferably in already degraded areas. In addition, the management plan defines ecological criteria for the location of green buildings and ecotourism activities where:

>> They do not include habitats of the most valuable species of flora and fauna.

>> They do not consist of natural habitat types listed in Annex I to the Directive.

>> They do not have direct visibility to the spawning beaches of sea turtles and the immediate sea area of these beaches.

>> They are not in close proximity to the important spawning beaches of sea turtles.

>> They do not affect the naturalness, cohesion, representativeness and integrity of the natural habitat types of the Natura 2000 area, as well as the special physiognomy and aesthetic value of the natural environment of the wider area.

In conclusion, the provisions of the zone are not in line with the management plan and conservation objectives of the Natura 2000 Network areas and are expected to have a significant negative impact on the species and habitats of designation since a 1355 hectare area (13% of the Natura 2000 SCS area “Akama Peninsula”) will be altered due to the formation and creation of infrastructure.

Rural Zone (Ga4)

Much of the zone is in the immediate vicinity of areas of the Natura 2000 Network, with part of the zone falling within the areas of Koili-Mavrokolympos (CY400008) and Agia Aikaterini-Agia Paraskevi Gorges (CY4000016).

As for the rest of the area, areas adjacent to Natura 2000 areas where supermarkets, department stores, nuisance leisure, banquet halls, secondary schools, petrol stations are allowed will have a major nuisance In addition to the nuisance, the facilities are expected to remove feeding and nesting areas of the adjacent Special Protection Zone.

In addition, the developments may be visible from the shoreline affecting the nesting of the two species of turtles, which belong to the defining species of the Natura 2000 Network. up to 500 meters east of Lara. This area needs special management to ensure that any developments will not affect the nesting of turtles as they are visible from spawning beaches.

PROTECTION ZONE – LANDSCAPE AKAMA (DA1-TA)

Ecotourism activities without infrastructure are allowed in this zone. In addition to the creation of infrastructure and landscaping, it may have significant consequences, due to the loss of habitats, including priority habitats in the Natura 2000 Network areas. infrastructure without violating other animal welfare legislation.

Specialized developments in three areas

In this zone, specialized developments are allowed in three areas (Drousia and Pano Arodes – Kathika, Inia) which are adjacent to areas of the Natura 2000 Network. parks, research and development centers, which are large developments that will cause nuisance in the adjacent area of the Natura 2000 Network, while at the same time, will be a major factor for cumulative effects if maximum numbers of developments are not given. By locating massive growths in areas adjacent to or adjacent to areas of the Natura 2000 Network, it is expected that the species definition of the area will be adversely affected by noise emission, human presence and by the reduction of feeding and nesting areas. Especially for developments such as sports / leisure centers and theme parks the nuisance is expected to be greater.

Livestock Zone (Γγ1) in Neo Chorio

It falls within areas of the Natura 2000 Network and it is expected that if livestock development is promoted there will be habitat loss, disturbance of the species in the area, pollution around the livestock farms and generally negative effects on the species and habitats of the area.

Residential Zone (Ka10b) in Drousia and Kathikas

Expansion of a residential area near areas of the Natura 2000 Network which may cause nuisance during construction and operation to the fixing species and remove feeding and nesting areas. A bigger problem is presented in the provision of the Individual House 500 meters outside the development limit which will allow the construction of premises in areas adjacent to the areas of the Natura 2000 Network.

Residential Zone (Ka10c *) in Neo Chorio

The zone is adjacent to the Natura 2000 Network area and the Da1-TA zone. Potential construction works will cause nuisance to the adjacent site designation species and the large presence of people in a direct area adjacent to an area of the Natura 2000 Network also causes nuisance during the operation phase.

Quarry Zone (LZ)

Quarrying activity is a high-noise activity located in the community of Androlykou and adjacent to an area of the Natura 2000 Network. During the construction and operation of the zone, high noise and dust emissions, loss of habitats used for nesting and feeding, heavy vehicles, explosions and quarrying. These will have the effect of reducing the activity and presence of species designated in the Natura 2000 Network area.

Tourist Zone (T3a) in Neo Chorio

Existing zone to be upgraded and adjacent to Natura 2000 sites. Potential nuisance is expected in turtle spawning areas, increasing human activity and presence and overnight lighting, factors influencing the nesting of turtle species for the Natura 2000 Network area. It also borders Monachus monachus sea caves which are affected by the same factors.

Tourist Zone (T3δ2) in Ineia

Creation of a Tourist Zone near areas of the Natura 2000 Network which may cause nuisance during the construction and operation of the definition species and remove areas for feeding and nesting bird species.

The area is visible from the beaches of Lara and Toxeftra which are important for the spawning of turtle species. Lighting visible from these beaches will have potential negative effects on these species.

Also, there is a problem in the provision of the individual house 500 meters outside the development limit, which through this zone will allow the construction of premises in areas adjacent to the Natura 2000 Network areas and generally as scattered developments in the countryside.

It includes four areas of the Natura 2000 Network

The proposed Local Plan falls into four areas of the Natura 2000 Network, two of which are located entirely within the area of the Local Plan: Akama Peninsula Special Conservation Zone, Akama Peninsula Special Protection Zone, Holipos-Mastiros Special Conservation Zone and Pre-Holly-Masta Special Conservation Zone Gorges of Agia Aikaterini- Agia Paraskevi.

Several provisions and zones will potentially cause significant disturbance to the species both from the implementation of projects in specific areas, but also from the emission of noise and dust during construction. They will also result in habitat and habitat loss within the Natura 2000 Area. Habitats that are outside Natura 2000 sites and removed for development based on zone provisions affect Natura 2000 site design species as they are used by bird fauna. for feeding and nesting areas.

The human presence is expected to increase both during the day and during the night as overnight stays may be allowed, especially inside and outside the Natura 2000 Network, which will increase the pressure on the species of fauna and flora. area. Specific species that are most affected by nocturnal presence such as turtles during spawning will have adverse effects.

The Environmental Authority has identified that urban planning as proposed may have a negative impact on areas of the Natura 2000 Network and therefore it is necessary to remove or change the zones and / or modify their provisions, in order to ensure that will affect species and habitats in Natura 2000 sites.

Philenews

Source: 24h.com.cy

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